Simple Dropdown Menu Using HTML and CSS

In this tutorial we will see how to create Simple Dropdown Menu Using HTML and CSS. CSS position property and :hover selector is used for this purpose.

HTML Code

Simple HTML Code is given below, In this code we have a main ul tag which has four list items, while the second list item contain another ul tag which has four more list items.

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <title>Simple Dropdown Menu Using HTML and CSS</title>
</head>
<body>
  <ul>
     <li><a href="#">Home</a></li>
     <li>
       <a href="#">Languages ▾</a>
       <ul class="dropdown">
        <li><a href="#">HTML</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">CSS</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">JavaScript</a></li>
        <li><a href="#">PHP</a></li>
       </ul>
       </li>
     <li><a href="#">About Us</a></li>
     <li><a href="#">Contact Us</a></li>
  </ul>
</body>
</html>

CSS Code

CSS code is given below, In this code CSS position property is used, with the values relative and absolute. CSS :hover selector is also used to change the background-color of anchor tags and display properties of inner ul tag.

* {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
font-family: monospace;
}
ul {
list-style: none;
background: #22438C;
}
ul li {
display: inline-block;
position: relative;
}
ul li a {
display: block;
padding: 20px 25px;
color: #FFF;
text-decoration: none;
text-align: center;
font-size: 20px;
}
ul li ul.dropdown li {
display: block;
}
ul li ul.dropdown {
width: 100%;
background: #22438C;
position: absolute;
z-index: 999;
display: none;
}
ul li a:hover {
background: #112C66;
}
ul li:hover ul.dropdown {
display: block;
}

Demo is shown in the video tutorial given below.

Video Tutorial

Watch video tutorial on Simple Dropdown Menu Using HTML and CSS.