What is HTML - HTML Introduction

What is HTML - Introduction of HTML

HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language. HTML is used to create web pages using Tags or markups. HTML is a primary language to make Web Page or Website.

Brief History with a Bad News

HTML was Created by Tim Berners Lee from CERN, Robert Cailliau and some others geniuses in late 80's and start of 90's. HTML is not a Programming Language but a Markup Language.

What, not a Programming Language?

Yes, HTML is not categorized as a programming languages, in fact HTML is a markup languages used to build web pages.

Why not a Programming Language

HTML is not a Programming Language because you won't see any Conditional Statements, Logical Operations, Loops and stuff in it. Don't worry about these for now, just remember that it's not a Programming Language.

It's a Markup Language

So what is it then, HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language), like all the languages in the world is also used for communication. Only that, it's a Markup Language.

Markup Languages are those Languages which are used to present the text of the document in a certain way and for that we use Tags.

Don't worry about Tags right now, just remember that you can present your Text or any other content type in anyway you like using HTML Tags, when they get rendered by the Browser.

HTML Tags define the structure of HTML Document.

What is Hyper Text

Hyper Text basically suggest that the document or a page has some Links in it which can be used to go to the other pages or parts of the document.


So HTML document or a file is nothing but simple document containing some Text presented by HTML Tags in a certain way and Hyper Links to navigate through that document. Hence the word Hyper Text Markup Language.

To summarize all of it, just read following points and remember them.

  1. HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language.
  2. HTML is not a Programming Language.
  3. HTML is a Markup Language.
  4. HTML defines Structure of any Web Page using Tags.
  5. HTML is the main building block of a Web Page.

Simple HTML Document

The simple HTML page or document is shown below, dont worry if you don't understand it.

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>HTML Document</title>

So this was the Introduction of HTML. In the next articles we will look more about it's basic concepts with the examples and we will also write some lines of codes where necessary.